The word " biodiversity " is the contraction of the term "biological diversity" and refers to the great variety of life forms that the planet Earth welcomes. It involves all living beings from a genetic and ecological point of view, so when you observe the various types of corn you observe biodiversity, and when you know the forests of North America and the Brazilian jungles you appreciate the differences between each biome and you also discover biodiversity. Scientists estimate that there are between 3 and 30 million species in total, but it is possible that they are up to 100 million. At least, there are about 2 million animal species and about 8.8 million species that are bacteria or microorganisms. Imagine for a moment the immense number of living beings that you know and do not even realize exist.
The importance of biodiversity lies in its capacity to allow an ecological balance and in the resources it provides to all organisms. A single ecosystem can contain several types of plants, of which one type serves as food for a certain class of herbivorous animals, and in turn, these provide the necessary nutrients for animals that eat meat. A missing element in a similar food chain produces an imbalance with the capacity to affect other living beings, from herbivores to carnivores. Life on is extremely complex and requires continuous study, which allows people to learn and devise the best ways to conserve biodiversity. One of the main resources to achieve this is the knowledge that can be obtained from reading, observation and experience. Bioencyclopedia offers you articles, videos, photographs and varied texts so that you can learn in a simple and entertaining way, in order to satisfy your need for understanding and learning.
Roses , olive trees , apple trees , cedars ... all are organisms that belong to one of the best-known divisions in which the living beings of the world are grouped: the Plantae kingdom , also known as the vegetable kingdom.
For a long time, these extraordinary and complex beings have endowed the Earth with beauty and have offered creatures sources of food, clothing and medicine. But there is something that is more important and that allowed animals and humans to exist: oxygen , produced during their photosynthesis and vital for the survival of everything that has lungs .
There are millions of species of plants of all sizes, shapes, colors, aromas and textures, and knowing them, from their structure to their functions, is a fascinating task.
The human body
There is no machine or robot that can overcome or even match the complexity of the human body. Cells , tissues , organs and systems are harmoniously interconnected and give Homo sapiens abilities that go beyond the basic functions: they provide the wonderful capacity of reasoning, which differentiates it from other living beings .
Humans are eukaryotic organisms, multicellular organisms and mammals , and are the only ones of their kind that have survived an evolution that spans at least 200,000 years. Thanks to their anatomy and their adaptations, they are the most widespread mammals in the world.
It is said that the human being is body, mind and spirit, but to understand their transcendence in the world, one must begin by understanding their material existence.
"The planet of life" is one of the most suitable nicknames for Earth, because, until today, it is the only planet to house organisms or living beings . From tiny cells , the smallest and most basic organisms of all, to human beings, the most developed that are known, fulfill 3 basic functions: nourish , relate and reproduce .
The quantity of living beings is incalculable, and new species are continuously discovered. Through this science called Biology, humans have divided them into large groups called kingdoms and are interested in studying their anatomy , functions and senses, which has allowed them to learn, be surprised and, of course, marvel at them.
The cell is the basic biological, functional and structural unit of any living thing.
Global Warming, A Threat to Biodiversity One of the greatest threats to Biodiversity on the planet is global warming. At present, a distinction has been made between the concepts of Global Warming and Climate Change, differentiating them mainly by the determinant cause in the change of climate on earth. Global warming is related to human activities since the twentieth century, which have gradually been deteriorating and modifying the natural elements of our planet without having a future visualization of all the damage that would be inherited to future generations. Read more…